Opinions about the use of animals for research are complicated and often divided when it comes to different purposes or types of research for instance, a clear majority of people are against the use of animals for testing cosmetics and personal care productshowever, if the research is claimed to save or improve human lives, then opinions shift, even if those claims are hypothetical or baseless. The use of animals in experiments and testing is regulated under the animals (scientific procedures) act 1986 (aspa) aspa has recently been revised to change the european directive 2010/63/eu on. Animals have been used repeatedly throughout the history of biomedical research early greek physician-scientists, such as aristotle, (384 – 322 bc) and erasistratus, (304 – 258 bc), performed experiments on living animals. Peta and its affiliates fund the development of many of these alternatives to animal testing, vigorously promote their use to governments and companies around the world, and publish research on their superiority to traditional animal tests.
Case studies: animal experiments and public misconceptions there is a public misconception that animals used in experiments are protected through the presence of ethics committees, the prevention of cruelty to animals act and the code of practice. The term animal testing refers to procedures performed on living animals for purposes of research into basic biology and diseases, assessing the effectiveness of new medicinal products, and testing the human health and/or environmental safety of consumer and industry products such as cosmetics, household cleaners, food additives. The vast majority of animal research does not consist of drug testing, but of basic science studies to increase our understanding of normal and pathological physiological processes some of that knowledge will be used to create new therapies to cure diseases.
Animals are suffering and dying in a range of cruel tests animal testing is carried out in a wide range of areas, including biological research, and testing medicines and chemicals even animal testing for cosmetics is still allowed in 80% of the world ‘fundamental’ biological research is. Over the late 19th and the 20th centuries, the expansion of medical science meant that the numbers of animals used in research expanded steadily, accelerated by the medicines act, 1968, which provided a clearer guide to the use of animals in safety testing in the wake of the thalidomide tragedy. To conduct the research needed to improve medical care, we sometimes have to work with animal models studying animals is still the only scientifically viable way to get some of the knowledge we need to improve human health, and indeed the health of other animals that benefit from veterinary care.
However, the inability to produce accurate testing on anything but a living organism, makes it necessary for animals to be used for research and in many cases, no reasonable alternative exists (gallup & suarez, 1985. Such studies must adhere to federal guidelines and be conducted in facilities that are in accordance with laws and standards for animal research and care including, where applicable, the animal welfare act and the guide for the care and use of laboratory animals, and receive regular inspections by the usda. The animal welfare act requires that facilities using animals for research and testing have institutional animal care and use committees these committees review and approve proposals for animal use, and ensure that alternatives are being used whenever appropriate.
Animal testing is used in many different industries, mainly medical and cosmetic animals are used in order to ensure the products are safe for the use of humans medical research has also been carried out on animals, and successfully developed new and effective medical treatments. Looking up recent journal articles in animal studies is a great way to review current trends in the field and to see how animal studies scholars frequently write and research across the disciplines this page contains links to several journals relevant to animal studies. Ethical considerations in research reduction, and refinement are used to guide more ethical use of animals in testing and research key terms ethical: and review biomedical and behavioral research involving humans most studies involving humans must pass irb approval before they can begin.
Why animals are used animals are used in research when there is a need to find out what happens in the whole, living body, which is far more complex than the sum of its parts it is difficult, and in most cases simply not yet possible, to replace the use of living animals in research with alternative methods. See our animal testing and research achievement chart below for more on how animals have contributed to life-saving and life-improving breakthroughs learn how animal testing and research has advanced human health. Animal experiments are widely used to develop new medicines and to test the safety of other products many of these experiments cause pain to the animals involved or reduce their quality of life.
The use of animals in research and testing is strictly controlled, particularly regarding potential pain federal laws, the animal welfare act and the public health service act, regulate the alleviation and elimination of pain, as well as such aspects of animal care as caging, feeding, exercise of dogs and the psychological well-being of primates. Animals are sometimes used in the testing of drugs, vaccines and other biologics, and medical devices, mainly to determine the safety of the medical product for drugs and biologics, the focus of. An estimated 25 million or more animals, including rats, mice, and birds, are used yearly in the us in all areas of research, testing, and education in an attempt to overcome the limitations of animal models, researchers are genetically engineering animals, by removing or adding genes they believe relate to specific human diseases.